How to Pay Tax in Nigeria Online

Paying taxes in Nigeria has never been easier, thanks to the digital revolution. Whether you’re a business owner or an individual taxpayer, online tax filing simplifies the process, making it more convenient and transparent. This guide will walk you through everything you need to know about how to pay tax in Nigeria online, ensuring you stay on top of your tax obligations without the hassle of manual filing.

What is E-Filing?

E-filing is the process of submitting your tax returns electronically. It allows taxpayers to file their taxes and conduct related activities online from anywhere with internet access. This system is designed to make tax compliance more convenient and transparent.

how to pay tax in nigeria online

Benefits of E-Filing

Convenience and Accessibility

With e-filing, you can handle your taxes from the comfort of your home or office, using any device with internet access. No more trips to the tax office!

Time and Cost Savings

E-filing saves you time and money by eliminating the need for physical returns and transportation costs. Everything is done online, streamlining the process.

Security and Confidentiality

The e-filing platform is secure, ensuring your tax information remains confidential. With your user ID and password, only you have access to your tax details.

Transparency and Accuracy

The system promotes transparency in tax transactions, boosting taxpayer confidence. Automatic computations reduce the risk of errors, ensuring accurate filings.

Supported Taxes

You can file several types of taxes using the e-filing platform, including:

  • Petroleum Profits Tax
  • Companies Income Tax
  • Value Added Tax
  • Education Tax
  • Capital Gains Tax
  • National Information Technology Development Levy

Getting Started with E-Filing

Step 1: Register and Obtain a TIN

Before you can use the e-filing platform, you must register and obtain a Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN). This unique identifier is essential for all tax-related activities.

Step 2: Complete the Access Form

Visit the FIRS website or your local tax office to obtain the access form. Fill it out with your details and submit it. Your company’s CEO, Managing Director, or Principal Officer must authorize access rights.

Step 3: Receive Your User Credentials

After submitting the access form, the Taxpayer Service Unit will create your user profile, generating a username and password. Change your password upon first login for security purposes.

How to Use the E-Filing Platform

Logging In

Head over to FIRS E-Filing Portal and log in with your credentials. Ensure your access rights are valid and you have the necessary documents, either in digital or physical form.

Filing Your Tax Returns

  1. Access the Home Page: After logging in, you’ll see a summary of declarations that need filing.
  2. Start the Declaration: Click on “View all declarations to be filed” or the “Taxpayer Service” tab to open the tax declaration page.
  3. Select the Tax Type: Double-click the plus (+) icon to expand the tax periods. Click on the relevant tax type and period.
  4. Enter Details: Fill in the required form lines or upload a Comma Separated Value (CSV) file if applicable.
  5. Submit the Declaration: Review the entered details and click “Submit declaration.” Confirm the submission to complete the process.
  6. Payment: After submission, you’ll receive a document number required for payment at the bank. Print the submitted declaration if needed.

Handling Common Issues

Session Timeouts and Power Failures

The e-filing platform has a five-minute session timeout. If your session times out or you experience a power failure, you can log back in and continue from where you left off.

Uploading CSV Files

When uploading schedules, ensure your excel file is saved in CSV format. Configure your system to use a comma as the decimal separator for seamless uploads.


Understanding how to pay tax in Nigeria online simplifies your tax obligations, making compliance easier and more efficient. The e-filing system offers numerous benefits, from convenience and cost savings to enhanced security and accuracy. Follow this guide to navigate the e-filing process smoothly and ensure you remain compliant with Nigerian tax laws.